2 publications

2 publications

An Artificial Metalloenzyme for Catalytic Cancer-Specific DNA Cleavage and Operando Imaging

Gao, X.; Zhao, L.

Sci. Adv. 2020, 6, 10.1126/sciadv.abb1421

Metalloenzymes are promising anticancer candidates to overcome chemoresistance by involving unique mechanisms. To date, it is still a great challenge to obtain synthetic metalloenzymes with persistent catalytic performance for cancer-specific DNA cleavage and operando imaging. Here, an artificial metalloenzyme, copper cluster firmly anchored in bovine serum albumin conjugated with tumor-targeting peptide, is exquisitely constructed. It is capable of persistently transforming hydrogen peroxide in tumor microenvironment to hydroxyl radical and oxygen in a catalytic manner. The stable catalysis recycling stems from the electron transfer between copper cluster and substrate with well-matched energy levels. Notably, their high biocompatibility, tumor-specific recognition, and persistent catalytic performance ensure the substantial anticancer efficacy by triggering DNA damage. Meanwhile, by coupling with enzyme-like reactions, the operando therapy effect is expediently traced by chemiluminescence signal with high sensitivity and sustainability. It provides new insights into synthesizing biocompatible metalloenzymes on demand to visually monitor and efficiently combat specific cancers.

Metal: Cu
Ligand type: Copper cluster
Anchoring strategy: Dative
Optimization: Chemical
Reaction: DNA cleavage
Max TON: ---
ee: ---
PDB: ---
Notes: ---

Synthesis of a Sequence-Specific DNA-Cleaving Peptide

Dervan, P.B.

Science 1987, 238, 1129-1132, 10.1126/science.3120311

A synthetic 52-residue peptide based on the sequence-specific DNA-binding domain of Hin recombinase (139-190) has been equipped with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) at the amino terminus. In the presence of Fe(II), this synthetic EDTA-peptide cleaves DNA at Hin recombination sites. The cleavage data reveal that the amino terminus of Hin(139-190) is bound in the minor groove of DNA near the symmetry axis of Hin recombination sites. This work demonstrates the construction of a hybrid peptide combining two functional domains: sequence-specific DNA binding and DNA cleavage.

Metal: Fe
Ligand type: EDTA
Anchoring strategy: Covalent
Optimization: ---
Reaction: DNA cleavage
Max TON: <1
ee: ---
PDB: ---
Notes: Engineered sequence specificity