Metal-Binding Promiscuity in Artificial Metalloenzyme DesignReview
This review presents recent examples of metal-binding promiscuity in protein scaffolds and highlights the effect of metal variation on catalytic functionality. Naturally evolved binding sites, as well as unnatural amino acids and cofactors can bind a diverse range of metals, including non-biological transition elements. Computational screening and rational design have been successfully used to create promiscuous binding-sites. Incorporation of non-native metals into proteins expands the catalytic range of transformations catalysed by enzymes and enhances their potential for application in chemicals synthesis.