Methane Generation and Reductive Debromination of Benzylic Position by Reconstituted Myoglobin Containing Nickel Tetradehydrocorrin as a Model of Methyl-coenzyme M Reductase
Methyl-coenzyme M reductase (MCR), which contains the nickel hydrocorphinoid cofactor F430, is responsible for biological methane generation under anaerobic conditions via a reaction mechanism which has not been completely elucidated. In this work, myoglobin reconstituted with an artificial cofactor, nickel(I) tetradehydrocorrin (NiI(TDHC)), is used as a protein-based functional model for MCR. The reconstituted protein, rMb(NiI(TDHC)), is found to react with methyl donors such as methyl p-toluenesulfonate and trimethylsulfonium iodide with methane evolution observed in aqueous media containing dithionite. Moreover, rMb(NiI(TDHC)) is found to convert benzyl bromide derivatives to reductively debrominated products without homocoupling products. The reactivity increases in the order of primary > secondary > tertiary benzylic carbons, indicating steric effects on the reaction of the nickel center with the benzylic carbon in the initial step. In addition, Hammett plots using a series of para-substituted benzyl bromides exhibit enhancement of the reactivity with introduction of electron-withdrawing substituents, as shown by the positive slope against polar substituent constants. These results suggest a nucleophilic SN2-type reaction of the Ni(I) species with the benzylic carbon to provide an organonickel species as an intermediate. The reaction in D2O buffer at pD 7.0 causes a complete isotope shift of the product by +1 mass unit, supporting our proposal that protonation of the organonickel intermediate occurs during product formation. Although the turnover numbers are limited due to inactivation of the cofactor by side reactions, the present findings will contribute to elucidating the reaction mechanism of MCR-catalyzed methane generation from activated methyl sources and dehalogenation.
Metal: NiLigand type: TetradehydrocorrinHost protein: Myoglobin (Mb)Anchoring strategy: SupramolecularOptimization: ChemicalReaction: Methane generationMax TON: 1.61ee: ---PDB: ---Notes: ---