Diversifying Metal–Ligand Cooperative Catalysis in Semi‐Synthetic [Mn]‐Hydrogenases
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2021, 60, 13350-13357, 10.1002/anie.202100443
The reconstitution of [Mn]-hydrogenases using a series of MnI complexes is described. These complexes are designed to have an internal base or pro-base that may participate in metal–ligand cooperative catalysis or have no internal base or pro-base. Only MnI complexes with an internal base or pro-base are active for H2 activation; only [Mn]-hydrogenases incorporating such complexes are active for hydrogenase reactions. These results confirm the essential role of metal–ligand cooperation for H2 activation by the MnI complexes alone and by [Mn]-hydrogenases. Owing to the nature and position of the internal base or pro-base, the mode of metal–ligand cooperation in two active [Mn]-hydrogenases is different from that of the native [Fe]-hydrogenase. One [Mn]-hydrogenase has the highest specific activity of semi-synthetic [Mn]- and [Fe]-hydrogenases. This work demonstrates reconstitution of active artificial hydrogenases using synthetic complexes differing greatly from the native active site.
Metal: MnHost protein: Apo-[Fe]-hydrogenase from M. jannaschiiAnchoring strategy: ReconstitutionOptimization: ChemicalReaction: HydrogenationMax TON: ---ee: ---PDB: ---Notes: ---
Reconstitution of [Fe]-Hydrogenase Using Model Complexes
Nat. Chem. 2015, 7, 995-1002, 10.1038/Nchem.2382
[Fe]-Hydrogenase catalyses the reversible hydrogenation of a methenyltetrahydromethanopterin substrate, which is an intermediate step during the methanogenesis from CO2 and H2. The active site contains an iron-guanylylpyridinol cofactor, in which Fe2+ is coordinated by two CO ligands, as well as an acyl carbon atom and a pyridinyl nitrogen atom from a 3,4,5,6-substituted 2-pyridinol ligand. However, the mechanism of H2 activation by [Fe]-hydrogenase is unclear. Here we report the reconstitution of [Fe]-hydrogenase from an apoenzyme using two FeGP cofactor mimics to create semisynthetic enzymes. The small-molecule mimics reproduce the ligand environment of the active site, but are inactive towards H2 binding and activation on their own. We show that reconstituting the enzyme using a mimic that contains a 2-hydroxypyridine group restores activity, whereas an analogous enzyme with a 2-methoxypyridine complex was essentially inactive. These findings, together with density functional theory computations, support a mechanism in which the 2-hydroxy group is deprotonated before it serves as an internal base for heterolytic H2 cleavage.
Metal: FeLigand type: Amino acidHost protein: Apo-[Fe]-hydrogenase from M. jannaschiiAnchoring strategy: CovalentOptimization: ChemicalReaction: Hydrogenation / H2 evolutionMax TON: ---ee: ---PDB: ---Notes: DFT calculations of the reaction mechanism.