12 publications

12 publications

A Metal Ion Regulated Artificial Metalloenzyme

Roelfes, G.

Dalton Trans., 2017, 10.1039/C7DT00533D

Regulation of enzyme activity is essential in living cells. The rapidly increasing number of designer enzymes with new-to-nature activities makes it necessary to develop novel strategies for controlling their catalytic activity. Here we present the development of a metal ion regulated artificial metalloenzyme created by combining two anchoring strategies, covalent and supramolecular, for introducing a regulatory and a catalytic site, respectively. This artificial metalloenzyme is activated in the presence of Fe2+ ions, but only marginally in the presence of Zn2+.


Metal: Fe
Ligand type: Bypyridine
Host protein: LmrR
Anchoring strategy: Covalent
Optimization: Genetic
Max TON: 14
ee: 75
PDB: ---
Notes: ---

Metal: Zn
Ligand type: Bypyridine
Host protein: LmrR
Anchoring strategy: Covalent
Optimization: Genetic
Max TON: 6
ee: 80
PDB: ---
Notes: ---

An Artificial Heme Enzyme for Cyclopropanation Reactions

Roelfes, G.

Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2018, 10.1002/anie.201802946


Metal: Fe
Ligand type: Protoporphyrin IX
Host protein: LmrR
Anchoring strategy: Supramolecular
Optimization: Chemical & genetic
Reaction: Cyclopropanation
Max TON: 449
ee: 51
PDB: 6FUU
Notes: ---

An Enantioselective Artificial Metallo-Hydratase

Roelfes, G.

Chem. Sci., 2013, 10.1039/c3sc51449h

Direct addition of water to alkenes to generate important chiral alcohols as key motif in a variety of natural products still remains a challenge in organic chemistry. Here, we report the first enantioselective artificial metallo-hydratase, based on the transcription factor LmrR, which catalyses the conjugate addition of water to generate chiral β-hydroxy ketones with enantioselectivities up to 84% ee. A mutagenesis study revealed that an aspartic acid and a phenylalanine located in the active site play a key role in achieving efficient catalysis and high enantioselectivities.


Metal: Cu
Ligand type: Phenanthroline
Host protein: LmrR
Anchoring strategy: Covalent
Optimization: Genetic
Max TON: 30
ee: 84
PDB: 3F8B
Notes: ---

Artificial Metalloenzymes

Review

Roelfes, G.

ChemCatChem, 2010, 10.1002/cctc.201000011


Notes: ---

Artificial Metalloenzymes for Asymmetric Catalysis by Creation of Novel Active Sites in Protein and DNA Scaffolds

Review

Roelfes, G.

Isr. J. Chem., 2015, 10.1002/ijch.201400094


Notes: ---

Artificial Metalloenzymes for Enantioselective Catalysis

Review

Roelfes, G.

Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol., 2014, 10.1016/j.cbpa.2014.02.002


Notes: ---

Design of an Enantioselective Artificial Metallo-Hydratase Enzyme Containing an Unnatural Metal-Binding Amino Acid

Maréchal, J.-D.; Roelfes, G.

Chem. Sci., 2017, 10.1039/C7SC03477F


Metal: Cu
Ligand type: Bipyridine
Host protein: LmrR
Anchoring strategy: ---
Optimization: Genetic
Reaction: Hydration
Max TON: 9
ee: 64
PDB: ---
Notes: ---

Enantioselective Artificial Metalloenzymes by Creation of a Novel Active Site at the Protein Dimer Interface

Roelfes, G.

Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2012, 10.1002/anie.201202070


Metal: Cu
Ligand type: Bipyridine; Phenanthroline
Host protein: LmrR
Anchoring strategy: Covalent
Optimization: Genetic
Max TON: 32.7
ee: 97
PDB: 3F8B
Notes: ---

LmrR: A Privileged Scaffold for Artificial Metalloenzymes

Review

Roelfes, G.

Acc. Chem. Res., 2019, 10.1021/acs.accounts.9b00004


Notes: ---

Novel Artificial Metalloenzymes by In Vivo Incorporation of Metal-Binding Unnatural Amino Acids

Roelfes, G.

Chem. Sci., 2015, 10.1039/c4sc01525h


Metal: Cu
Ligand type: Bipyridine
Host protein: LmrR
Anchoring strategy: ---
Optimization: Genetic
Max TON: 10.4
ee: 83
PDB: 3F8B
Notes: ---

Supramolecular Assembly of Artificial Metalloenzymes Based on the Dimeric Protein LmrR as Promiscuous Scaffold

Roelfes, G.

J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2015, 10.1021/jacs.5b05790


Metal: Cu
Ligand type: Phenanthroline
Host protein: LmrR
Anchoring strategy: Supramolecular
Optimization: Genetic
Max TON: 11.1
ee: 94
PDB: 3F8B
Notes: ---