1 publication

1 publication

Computational Redesign of a Mononuclear Zinc Metalloenzyme for Organophosphate Hydrolysis

Baker, D.

Nat. Chem. Biol. 2012, 8, 294-300, 10.1038/NChemBio.777

The ability to redesign enzymes to catalyze noncognate chemical transformations would have wide-ranging applications. We developed a computational method for repurposing the reactivity of metalloenzyme active site functional groups to catalyze new reactions. Using this method, we engineered a zinc-containing mouse adenosine deaminase to catalyze the hydrolysis of a model organophosphate with a catalytic efficiency (kcat/Km) of ∼104 M−1 s−1 after directed evolution. In the high-resolution crystal structure of the enzyme, all but one of the designed residues adopt the designed conformation. The designed enzyme efficiently catalyzes the hydrolysis of the RP isomer of a coumarinyl analog of the nerve agent cyclosarin, and it shows marked substrate selectivity for coumarinyl leaving groups. Computational redesign of native enzyme active sites complements directed evolution methods and offers a general approach for exploring their untapped catalytic potential for new reactivities.

Metal: Zn
Ligand type: Amino acid
Anchoring strategy: Dative
Optimization: Genetic
Max TON: >140
ee: ---
Notes: kcat/KM ≈ 104 M-1*s-1