Generation of a Functional, Semisynthetic [FeFe]-Hydrogenase in a Photosynthetic Microorganism
[FeFe]-Hydrogenases are hydrogen producing metalloenzymes with excellent catalytic capacities, highly relevant in the context of a future hydrogen economy. Here we demonstrate the synthetic activation of a heterologously expressed [FeFe]-hydrogenase in living cells of Synechocystis PCC 6803, a photoautotrophic microbial chassis with high potential for biotechnological energy applications. H2-Evolution assays clearly show that the non-native, semi-synthetic enzyme links to the native metabolism in living cells.
Semi-Synthetic Hydrogenases—In Vitro and In Vivo ApplicationsReview
Hydrogenases are gas processing redox enzymes central in hydrogen metabolism. The interdisciplinary nature of hydrogenase research is underscored by the development of “artificial maturation”, enabling the preparation of semi-synthetic hydrogenases through the incorporation of synthetic cofactors into a range of apo-hydrogenase hosts under in vitro and in vivo conditions. Herein, we discuss how the preparation of such semi-synthetic [FeFe]-hydrogenases has elucidated structural elements of the cofactor critical for catalysis and reactivity towards known inhibitors. It has also provided a convenient method for exploring the biodiversity of this enzyme family and thereby facilitated investigation of the role of the outer-coordination sphere in tuning the reactivity of the H-cluster. In parallel, hijacking the assembly line of the [FeFe]-hydrogenase through incorporation of synthetic precursors has provided detailed insight into the biosynthesis of the H-cluster. Moreover, it has allowed the preparation of Mn analogs of [Fe] hydrogenase.