1 publication

1 publication

Regioselective Nitration of Phenol Induced by Catalytic Antibodies

Mahy, J.-P.

J. Protein Chem. 2002, 21, 473-477, 10.1023/A:1021351120772

Catalytic antibodies with a metalloporphyrin cofactor represent a new generation of biocatalysts tailored for selective oxidations. Thus monoclonal antibodies, 3A3, were raised against microperoxidase 8 (MP8), and the corresponding 3A3-MP8 complexes were shown previously to have a high peroxidase activity. This paper shows that those complexes also catalyzed efficiently the nitration of phenol into 2- and 4-nitrophenol by NO2 − in the presence of H2O2. pH dependence studies suggested that no amino acid from the antibody protein participated in the heterolytic cleavage of the O-O bond of H2O2. The inhibition of the reaction by cyanide and radical scavengers suggested a MP8-mediated peroxidase-like mechanism, involving the reduction of high-valent iron-oxo species by NO2 − and phenol producing, respectively, NO2 · and phenoxy radicals, which then reacted to give nitrophenols. Finally, the antibody protein appears to have two major roles: (i) it protects MP8 toward oxidative degradations and (ii) it induces a regioselectivity of the reaction toward the formation of 2-nitrophenol.

Metal: Fe
Ligand type: Amino acid; Porphyrin
Host protein: Antibody 3A3
Anchoring strategy: Supramolecular
Optimization: ---
Reaction: C-H oxidation
Max TON: 36
ee: ---
PDB: ---
Notes: Nitration of phenol