2 publications

2 publications

Photoinduced Electron Transfer within Supramolecular Hemoprotein Co-Assemblies and Heterodimers Containing Fe and Zn Porphyrins

Oohora, K.

J. Inorg. Biochem. 2019, 193, 42-51, 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2019.01.001

Electron transfer (ET) events occurring within metalloprotein complexes are among the most important classes of reactions in biological systems. This report describes a photoinduced electron transfer between Zn porphyrin and Fe porphyrin within a supramolecular cytochrome b562 (Cyt b562) co-assembly or heterodimer with a well-defined rigid structure formed by a metalloporphyrin–heme pocket interaction and a hydrogen-bond network at the protein interface. The photoinduced charge separation (CS: kCS = 320–600 s−1) and subsequent charge recombination (CR: kCR = 580–930 s−1) were observed in both the Cyt b562 co-assembly and the heterodimer. In contrast, interestingly, no ET events were observed in a system comprised of a flexible and structurally-undefined co-assembly and heterodimers which lack the key hydrogen-bond interaction at the protein interface. Moreover, analysis of the kinetic constants of CS and CR of the heterodimer using the Marcus equation suggests that a single-step ET reaction occurs in the system. These findings provide strong support that the rigid hemoprotein-assembling system containing an appropriate hydrogen-bond network at the protein interface is essential for monitoring the ET reaction.


Metal: Fe; Zn
Ligand type: Protoporphyrin IX
Host protein: Cytochrome b562
Anchoring strategy: Cystein-maleimide; Supramolecular
Optimization: Chemical & genetic
Reaction: Electron transfer
Max TON: ---
ee: ---
PDB: ---
Notes: ---

Reengineering Cyt b562 for Hydrogen Production: A Facile Route to Artificial Hydrogenases

Ghirlanda, G.

Biochim. Biophys. Acta, Bioenerg. 2016, 1857, 598-603, 10.1016/j.bbabio.2015.09.001

Bioinspired, protein-based molecular catalysts utilizing base metals at the active are emerging as a promising avenue to sustainable hydrogen production. The protein matrix modulates the intrinsic reactivity of organometallic active sites by tuning second-sphere and long-range interactions. Here, we show that swapping Co-Protoporphyrin IX for Fe-Protoporphyrin IX in cytochrome b562 results in an efficient catalyst for photoinduced proton reduction to molecular hydrogen. Further, the activity of wild type Co-cyt b562 can be modulated by a factor of 2.5 by exchanging the coordinating methionine with alanine or aspartic acid. The observed turnover numbers (TON) range between 125 and 305, and correlate well with the redox potential of the Co-cyt b562 mutants. The photosensitized system catalyzes proton reduction with high efficiency even under an aerobic atmosphere, implicating its use for biotechnological applications. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Biodesign for Bioenergetics — the design and engineering of electronic transfer cofactors, proteins and protein networks, edited by Ronald L. Koder and J.L. Ross Anderson.


Metal: Co
Ligand type: Porphyrin
Host protein: Cytochrome b562
Anchoring strategy: Metal substitution
Optimization: Genetic
Reaction: H2 evolution
Max TON: 1450
ee: ---
PDB: ---
Notes: ---