4 publications

4 publications

Cobaloxime-Based Artificial Hydrogenase

Artero, V.

Inorg. Chem. 2014, 53, 8071-8082, 10.1021/ic501014c

Cobaloximes are popular H2 evolution molecular catalysts but have so far mainly been studied in nonaqueous conditions. We show here that they are also valuable for the design of artificial hydrogenases for application in neutral aqueous solutions and report on the preparation of two well-defined biohybrid species via the binding of two cobaloxime moieties, {Co(dmgH)2} and {Co(dmgBF2)2} (dmgH2 = dimethylglyoxime), to apo Sperm-whale myoglobin (SwMb). All spectroscopic data confirm that the cobaloxime moieties are inserted within the binding pocket of the SwMb protein and are coordinated to a histidine residue in the axial position of the cobalt complex, resulting in thermodynamically stable complexes. Quantum chemical/molecular mechanical docking calculations indicated a coordination preference for His93 over the other histidine residue (His64) present in the vicinity. Interestingly, the redox activity of the cobalt centers is retained in both biohybrids, which provides them with the catalytic activity for H2 evolution in near-neutral aqueous conditions.


Metal: Co
Ligand type: Oxime
Host protein: Myoglobin (Mb)
Anchoring strategy: Supramolecular
Optimization: Chemical
Reaction: H2 evolution
Max TON: 5
ee: ---
PDB: ---
Notes: Sperm whale myoglobin

Crystal Structure and Peroxidase Activity of Myoglobin Reconstituted with Iron Porphycene

Hayashi, T

Inorg. Chem. 2006, 45, 10530-10536, 10.1021/ic061130x

The incorporation of an artificially created metal complex into an apomyoglobin is one of the attractive methods in a series of hemoprotein modifications. Single crystals of sperm whale myoglobin reconstituted with 13,16-dicarboxyethyl-2,7-diethyl-3,6,12,17-tetramethylporphycenatoiron(III) were obtained in the imidazole buffer, and the 3D structure with a 2.25-Å resolution indicates that the iron porphycene, a structural isomer of hemin, is located in the normal position of the heme pocket. Furthermore, it was found that the reconstituted myoglobin catalyzed the H2O2-dependent oxidations of substrates such as guaiacol, thioanisole, and styrene. At pH 7.0 and 20 °C, the initial rate of the guaiacol oxidation is 11-fold faster than that observed for the native myoglobin. Moreover, the stopped-flow analysis of the reaction of the reconstituted protein with H2O2 suggested the formation of two reaction intermediates, compounds II- and III-like species, in the absence of a substrate. It is a rare example that compound III is formed via compound II in myoglobin chemistry. The enhancement of the peroxidase activity and the formation of the stable compound III in myoglobin with iron porphycene mainly arise from the strong coordination of the Fe−His93 bond.


Metal: Fe
Ligand type: Porphycene
Host protein: Myoglobin (Mb)
Anchoring strategy: Reconstitution
Optimization: ---
Max TON: ---
ee: ---
PDB: 1MBI
Notes: ---

Peroxidation of Pyrogallol by Antibody−Metalloporphyrin Complexes

Harada, A.

Inorg. Chem. 1997, 36, 6099-6102, 10.1021/ic9610849

Antibody 03-1, which was prepared by immunization with meso-tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TCPP) conjugate, has been found to bind strongly to Mn(III)−TCPP and Fe(III)−TCPP complexes with dissociation constants of 4.1 × 10-7 and 1.5 × 10-7 M, respectively, although other monoclonal antibodies raised against TCPP did not bind to these TCPP−metal complexes. The complexes of antibody 03-1 with Mn(III)−TCPP and Fe(III)−TCPP were found to catalyze oxidation of pyrogallol selectively. A Lineweaver-Burk plot for the oxidation of pyrogallol by the antibody−Fe−TCPP complex showed Km = 4.0 mM and kcat = 50 min-1. Studies on the effect of the molar ratio of the antibody to metalloporphyrin on the catalytic activity showed that a 1:1 complex was the most effective for the reaction. The effect of salt (NaCl) on the reaction showed that electrostatic interaction between the antibody and the metalloporphyrin was important for the reaction. The antibody−metalloporphyrin complexes are stable enough to show catalytic activity in the presence of an excess amount of H2O2.


Metal: Mn
Ligand type: Porphyrin
Host protein: Antibody 03-1
Anchoring strategy: Antibody
Optimization: ---
Max TON: 200
ee: ---
PDB: ---
Notes: ---

Metal: Fe
Ligand type: Porphyrin
Host protein: Antibody 03-1
Anchoring strategy: Antibody
Optimization: ---
Max TON: 300
ee: ---
PDB: ---
Notes: ---

Semisynthetic and Biomolecular Hydrogen Evolution Catalysts

Bren, K.L.

Inorg. Chem. 2016, 55, 467-477, 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b02054

There has been great interest in the development of stable, inexpensive, efficient catalysts capable of reducing aqueous protons to hydrogen (H2), an alternative to fossil fuels. While synthetic H2 evolution catalysts have been in development for decades, recently there has been great progress in engineering biomolecular catalysts and assemblies of synthetic catalysts and biomolecules. In this Forum Article, progress in engineering proteins to catalyze H2 evolution from water is discussed. The artificial enzymes described include assemblies of synthetic catalysts and photosynthetic proteins, proteins with cofactors replaced with synthetic catalysts, and derivatives of electron-transfer proteins. In addition, a new catalyst consisting of a thermophilic cobalt-substituted cytochrome c is reported. As an electrocatalyst, the cobalt cytochrome shows nearly quantitative Faradaic efficiency and excellent longevity with a turnover number of >270000.


Metal: Co
Ligand type: Porphyrin
Host protein: Cytochrome c552
Anchoring strategy: Metal substitution
Optimization: Genetic
Reaction: H2 evolution
Max TON: 27000
ee: ---
PDB: ---
Notes: Electrocatalysis