Contributions of primary coordination ligands and importance of outer sphere interactions in UFsc, a de novo designed protein with high affinity for metal ions
J. Inorg. Biochem. 2020, 212, 111224, 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2020.111224
Metalloproteins constitute nearly half of all proteins and catalyze some of the most complex chemical reactions. Recently, we reported a design of 4G-UFsc (Uno Ferro single chain), a single chain four-helical bundle with extraordinarily high (30 pM) affinity for zinc. We evaluated the contribution of different side chains to binding of Co(II), Ni(II), Zn(II) and Mn(II) using systematic mutagenesis of the amino acids that constitute the primary metal coordination and outer spheres. The binding affinity of proteins for metals was then measured using isothermal titration calorimetry. Our results show that both primary metal coordination environment and side chains in the outer sphere of UFsc are highly sensitive to even slight changes and can be adapted to binding different 3d metals, including hard-to-tightly bind metal ions such as Mn(II). The studies on the origins of tight metal binding will guide future metalloprotein design efforts.
Ligand type: Amino acidHost protein: Uno Ferro single chain (4G-UFsc)Anchoring strategy: DativeOptimization: GeneticReaction: ---Max TON: ---ee: ---PDB: ---Notes: ---